Study on Processing Parameters Such as Temperature, Density and Catalyst Type on Production of Biodiesel Out of Sunflower Oil

Shahab eddin Ashtiani, Mehdi Rafi Zadeh

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Sunflower oil, biodiesel, Trans-esterification, fatty acid methyl ester.


In the past decade, biodiesel has been noticed as a reproducible, non-toxic and lucrative fuel. This fuel is in fact the FATTY ACID METHYL ESTER which has been resulted from Trans-esterification of Tri-glyceride. It ́s expected that biodiesel will be developed throughout the world with a greater pace. With regards to the importance of biodiesel production, 18 samples of this biofuel have been made out of sunflower oil in three reaction temperatures of 60, 70, 80, ̊C with two catalysts (potassium hydroxide & sodium hydroxide) with different weights of 0.5, 1, 1.5 % with 300 rpm agitation intensity under Alcohol to water ratio of 1:5 in 60 minutes period. the consequences showed that the high quality of this biofuel resulted from the catalyst of potassium hydroxide with weight percentage of 1 in comparison to the other two weight percentages of 0.5 & 1.5.